Heliotrope San Francisco



Natural Products for Skin, Hair, and Body Care.

We believe that natural skin care products should soothe, heal, moisturize and protect. People deserve to feel great in their skin. We offer natural, healing body care for men and women without added fragrance, and consult with each client to create custom, individualized aromatherapy blends, using all-natural, undiluted essential oils.


Get a Custom Blend That’s Uniquely You!


natural skin care products


Get The Best Natural Skin Care Products

Take a peek at the best natural ingredients we use in our locally made, handcrafted hair, body, and skin care products. These are Heliotrope founder Jonathan Plotzker’s top picks!

Jonathan's Top Natural Ingredient Picks

ALOE: Nature’s miracle. It heals cuts, it moisturizes, is anti-inflammatory, and has antioxidant properties to boot.

SHEA BUTTER: From a nut harvested across Africa. It’s super moisturizing and protective, and encourages the skin to regenerate collagen. It’s really nourishing, too!

JOJOBA: Jojoba is amazing for two big reasons — one, it’s the closest thing on Earth to human’s own sebum (what our skin secretes for its own protection), and two, it never turns rancid! Scientists can’t even explain that, since every other vegetable oil will eventually go bad, but not jojoba. This means no preservative is needed. (It’s great for hair, too, though that doesn’t apply to me!)

OLIVE OIL: So many clients I know love this oil so much, that’s all they put on their faces. But — like eating a well-rounded diet — just one food won’t give you all the nutrition you need. Still, it’s a great, healthy oil, for all the same reasons it’s so good to eat. The wood, too, is gorgeous. Fun fact: we sell a number of accessories made of olive wood that use trees that no longer bear fruit.

LAVENDER: Probably my favorite essential oil. Healing, calming, smells great, and combines well with almost every other essential oil, so it’s in a lot of our blends. Plus, two bonuses: it’s one of the few essential oils that are okay to put directly on the skin (with no carrier), and is also safe for the face, which many essential oils are not. Fun fact: Because the ancient Romans used it for cleaning everything, its Latin root gives us the modern word laundry.

NEROLI: The flower of the orange tree (the orange blossom, which for some reason has its own name — perhaps because it’s so special)! Not only is the smell intoxicating, it’s naturally anti-inflammatory and antiseptic (so it’s a great add-in for acne control). It also reduces redness (so it’s great for rosacea, too).

HONEY/BEESWAX: Honey is not just nourishing and soothing, but also naturally anti-bacterial — meaning it acts as a preservative. With honey in a product, fewer preservatives need to be added. Beeswax (and its cousin, propolis) is great for skin and nails, too. Both soften the skin and add a great all-natural scent to formulas without additional fragrance.

BAMBOO: This plant needs no incentive to grow — it’s highly sustainable. Not only does bamboo grow with no fertilizer necessary, but it’s also naturally insect-resistant, and needs no pesticides! We use crushed bamboo in a number of exfoliators, but we also use it burned! Charcoal is naturally antiseptic (think of those pills that purify water on camping trips), so bamboo charcoal is doubly amazing. We use it in many cleansers, and we even buy textiles from Japan that incorporate the charcoal into their fibers for extra oomph.


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Handcrafted and Locally Made in Northern California

natural skin care products

Natural Ingredients

Heliotrope creates high-quality, all-natural products — handmade in Northern California in small batches — using simple, organic ingredients. Founder Jonathan Plotzker's experience in product development and his work with small chemists throughout the Bay Area have brought natural, well-made, and fragrance-free skin care to the market.

Ingredient Official Name Origins Properties Safety
açai euterpe oleracea (açai) fruit berries, South America moisturizing, anti inflammatory, anti bacterial safe
acerola malpighia punicifolia (acerola) fruit, South & Central America antioxidant, vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, C, plus carotenoids & bioflavonoids safe
alfalfa medicago sativa (alfalfa) extract plant in the pea family vitamins A, C, E, K4; calcium, potassium, iron. rich in amino acids & chlorophyll  safe (may increase sun-sensitivity)
algae spirulina platensis (algae) extract spirulina algae harvested in Hawaii or Mexico antioxidant - vitamin E, beta carotene, minerals & amino acids safe
aloe vera aloe barbadensis (aloe vera) leaf juice succulent leaves anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, healing safe
apple pyrus malus (apple) fruit extract fruit high in vitamin C, astringent, exfoliant, antioxidant safe
apricot prunus armeniaca (apricot) kernel oil, fruit extract oil from fruit's seed kernel high in vitamin C, astringent, exfoliant, antioxidant, supports skin's moisture balance safe
arnica arnica montana (arnica) extract flower decreases swelling, reduces bruising, used for pain relief safe
arrowroot maranta arundinacea (arrowroot) startch rhizome, Caribbean thickener, absorbs moisture, gluten-free alternative to cornstarch safe
aspen populus tremuloides (aspen) bark extract tree bark skin-conditioning, high in salicin which is soothing safe
avocado persea gratissima (avocado) fruit high in fatty acids, vitamins & antioxidants safe
babassu orbignia speciosa (babassu) kernel oil fruit from palm, South America high in Vitamin E, anti-inflammatory safe
balm mint melissa officinalis (balm mint) leaf, Mediterranean calming, cleansing, soothing safe
bamboo bambusa vulgaris (bamboo) powder stalks, leaves, China & Indochina exfoliant, anti-fungal safe
bamboo bambusa arundinacea (bamboo) stem extract stem rich in minerals & proteins, restores moisture & elasticity safe
bergamot citrus aurantium bergamia (bergamot) fruit extract fruit peel & rind, Europe balances oil production, antiseptic, releases tension safe
bilberry accinium myrtillus (bilberry) fruit & leaf extracts berries, Europe (AKA huckleberry in America) related to blueberry high in Vitamin C, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant safe
birch betula alba (birch) leaves extract & sap leaves, sap & bark of tree; Europe & China relieves eczema, anti-inflammatory, astringent safe
bisabolol vanillosmopsis erythropappa (bisabolol) wood oil Brazil soothes and softens skin, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial safe
bladderwrack fucus vesiculosus (bladderwrack) extract North Sea, NW Pacific islands anti-aging, relieves dry skin, soothing safe
borage borago officinalis (borage) seed oil Mediterranean  high in fatty acid gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), anti-inflammatory, treats eczema & dermatitis safe
buckthorn, sea hippophae rhamnoides (sea buckthorn) fruit extract Europe & Asia high in vitamin C, omega 3, 5, 9 & the rare 7, emollient, hydrating safe
burdock arctium lappa (burdock) temperate Northern Hemisphere from UK to Japan (invasive in US) anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, treats acne, eczema, psoriasis safe
candelilla euphorbia cerifera (candelilla) extract
stems & leaves of plant coated with wax, SW US & Northern Mexico 
vegan substitute for beeswax, barrier, softens, protects safe
carnauba copernicia cerifera (carnauba) wax
wax on leaves, palm tree, NE Brazil
thickener (hair care) safe
carrageenan chondrus crispus (carrageenan) algae, North Atlantic natural emulsifier (keeps oil- and water- based ingredients together), binds water to skin safe
carrot daucus carota (carrot) root extract, seed oil AKA Queen Anne's Lace antioxidant, anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, nourishing safe
castor ricinus communis (castor) seed oil SE Mediterranean, North Africa fatty acids are nourishing, germicidal, surfactant, stimulates hair growth, skin softener safe
cedar cedrus atlantica (cedar) leaf oil Mediterranean regenerative, tonic safe
chamomile, roman anthemis nobilis (chamomile) Europe, North America calming, aid in sleep, reduces pain and swelling; anti- inflammatory safe
chia salvia hispanica (chia) seed extract Mexico, Guatemala rich in minerals and proteins, antioxidant; anti- inflammatory safe
cinnamon cinnamomum zeylanicum (cinnamon) bark extract Sri Lanka anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, anti- inflammatory, increases circulation, nourishing safe
clary sage salvia officinalis (clary sage) leaf oil Mediterranean anti-bacterial, reduces cramps, improves circulation safe
clove dicypellium caryophyllatum (clove) bud oil SE Asia antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, freshens breath, can be stimulating safe
clover, red trifolium (clover) pretense Europe, Western Asia, NW Africa treats acne, eczema safe
cocoa theobroma cacao (cocoa) Central & South America vitamins A & C, antioxidants, omega 6 fatty acids help cells heal safe
coconut cocos nucifera (coconut) fruit extract, oil tropical zones, worldwide moisturizing, conditioning safe
coffee coffea arabica (coffee) seed extract
tropical zones, worldwide
vasodilator, firms skin safe
combava citrus hystrix (combava) peel oil kaffir lime rind astringent safe
comfrey symphytum officinale (comfrey) Europe, Asia soothes, firms, tightens safe
coriander coriandrum sativum (coriander) seed extract Southern Europe, Northern Africa antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, anti-fungal safe
cotton Gossypium herbaceum (cotton) tropical zones worldwide hydrates, repairs skin safe
cranesbill geranium maculatum (cranesbill) Eastern North America astringent, toner, anti-inflammatory, stimulates cell turnover safe
cucumber cucumis sativus (cucumber) fruit extract & distillate South Asia emollient, anti-inflammatory, vitamin K improves elasticity, cooling safe
canteloupe cucumis melo cantalupensis (cantaloupe) fruit extract India, Africa high in vitamins A & C, astringent, hydrating safe
cypress cupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress) seed extract & leaf oil Mediterranean astringent, antiseptic, deodorant, diuretic,  vasoconstrictor safe
dandelion taraxacum officinalis (dandelion) leaf extract temperate zones worldwide anti-inflammatory, nourishing, treats dandruff safe (beware of latex allergy)
elder sabucus nigra (elder) flower Europe & North America antioxidant, soothing, healing safe
eucalyptus eucalyptus citriodora australia antiseptic; anti-bacterial; anti-fungal safe
foraha calophyllum inophyllum (foraha) nut oil, extract tropical zones treats dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis, conditions
hair & scalp
frankincense boswellia carterri (frankinscense) extract Arabian peninsula, NE Africa astringent, anti-bacterial, improves elasticity safe
geranium, rose pelargonium graveolens (rose geranium) flower oil Southern Africa balances oil production, strengthens elasticity, astringent safe
ginger zingiber officinale (ginger) root Southern Asia, India anti-inflammatory,  increases circulation, fights free radicals safe
ginger, white hedychium coronarium (white ginger) root Eastern Himalayas antioxidant, anti-inflammatory safe
ginseng panax ginseng (ginseng) root extract Korea, NE China antioxidant, firms skin safe
goji lycium barbarum (goji) fruit Northern China vitamin C, amino acids, carotenoids safe
goldenseal hydrastis canadensis (goldenseal) SE Canada, Eastern US antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory safe
gooseberry (Indian) phyllanthus emblica (Indian gooseberry) fruit extract India high in tannins & vit C, nourishes the scalp, safe
gotu kola (penny wort) centella asiatica (gotu kola) extract Asia amino acids, beta carotene, improves circulation & synthesis of collagen and skin tissue safe
grape vitis vinifera (grape) seed extract worldwide antioxidant, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, vitamins E & C, anti-inflammatory safe
grapefruit, pomelo citrus grandis (grapefruit) peel extract, oil South & SE Asia preservative, astringent, tonic safe
green tea camellia sinensis (green tea) leaf extract East Asia, India antioxidant, stimulates skin microcirculation, anti-inflammatory safe
hibiscus hibiscus rosa-sinensis East Asia alpha-hydroxy acid & amino acids, cleans pores,  prevents hair breakage safe
hibiscus hibiscus esculentus seed extract East Asia antioxidant, exfoliating safe
hibiscus hibiscus sabdariffa flower extract W Africa antioxidant, maintain skin elasticity safe
honey apis meliferra (honey) absolute worldwide soothing, anti-bacterial safe
honeysuckle lonicera caprifolium (honeysuckle) flower extract Europe antimicrobial, preservative safe (parabens naturally occur)
honeysuckle lonicera japonica (honeysuckle) flower extract Eastern Asia anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, preservative 
(parabens naturally occur)
jasmine jasminum officinale (jasmine) flower extract Asia, Africa, Australia nourishes skin,  stimulant safe
jasmine jasminum grandiflorum (jasmine) flower oil Arabia, Africa rejuvenating, nourishing safe
jojoba simmondsia chinensis (jojoba) seed SW US, Northern Mexico long-lasting hydration, vitamins B & E, chromium, copper, zinc safe
jujube ziziphus joazeiro (jujube) bark extract subtropical regions worldwide soothes scalp, remedies dandruff safe
juniper juniperus communis (juniper) Europe expectorant, antiseptic, skin soothing, anti-inflammatory safe
katrafay cedrelopsis grevei (katrafay) bark oil Madagascar anti inflammatory, tonic safe
kukui aleurites moluccana (kukui nut) seed oil tropical regions  worldwide moisturizing, forms a protective barrier safe
lavender lavendula augustifolia (lavender) flower water & leaf oil, extract Mediterranean anti-fungal, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, aids healing safe
lavandin (hybrid) lavandula bermati (lavandin) flower/leaf oil worldwide antiseptic, analgesic, expectorant safe (may irritate pregnant women) 
lemon citrus medica limonum (lemon) fruit & peel extracts Mediterranean astringent; toning properties; antibacterial
safe (may increase sun-sensitivity)
lemon verbena lippia citriodora (lemon verbena) South America anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, mosquito repellent
safe (may increase sun-sensitivity; may irritate pregnant women)
lemongrass cymbopogon flexuosus (lemongrass) oil South Asia deodorizer, mosquito repellent, pain reducer, anti-inflammatory, energizes safe (toxic to cats)
licorice glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) Southern Europe anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, soothing safe
litsea litsea cubeba (litsea) fruit oil China, SE Asia, astringent, anti-inflammatory, may control perspiration safe
mandarin orange citrus nobilis (mandarin orange) SE China, NE Asia astringent, soothing, toning
safe (may increase sun-sensitivity)
mango magnifera indica (mango) butter South Asia surfactant, cleansing,  emulsifying safe
mangosteen garcinia mangostana peel (mangosteen) peel oil Indonesia antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, balances skin's pH, cleansing, antibacterial safe
marigold calendula officinalis (marigold) temperate regions worldwide treats eczema & rashes, antioxidants; anti- inflammatory safe
marshmallow althea officinalis (marshmallow) root Europe, N Africa anti-inflammatory, hydrating, encourages cell regeneration, emollient safe
matricaria (mayweed) chamomilla recutita (matricaria) temperate regions worldwide anti-bacterial, soothes rash & itchiness, anti-inflammatory
safe (may irritate pregnant women)
meadowsweet filipendula ulmaria (meadowsweet) leaf extract Europe, western Asia anti-inflammatory, astringent, toning
safe (may irritate pregnant women); may trigger those with aspirin allergies
milk thistle silybum marianum (milk thistle) extract Southern Europe antioxidant, vit E, fatty acids safe
mimosa acacia decurrens (mimosa) oil Australia, Africa nourishes & softens skin safe
moringa moringa pterygosperma (moringa) seed extract Himalayas antioxidant, heals acne & scalp conditions safe
moth bean vigna aconitifolia seed extract India, Pakistan natural retinol - smoothes skin, encourages collagen production safe
myrtle myrtus communis (myrtle) oil Mediterranean anti-bacterial, disinfectant, anti-fungal safe (
may trigger those with aspirin allergies)
neroli (bitter orange) citrus aurantium (neroli) flower oil SE Asia diminishes appearance of pores, tones, anti-redness safe (may increase sun-sensitivity)
nettle urtica dioica (nettle) leaf extract Europe, Asia anti-inflammatory, astringent, anti-inflammatory, treats eczema, minerals & vitamins safe
niaouli melaleuca quinquenervia (niaouli) Australasia disinfectant, antiseptic, helps heal skin, reduces oiliness safe
noni morinda citrifolia (noni) kernel extract SE Asia, Australasia improves collagen production, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, helps with cellular repair, soothing safe
oat avena sativa (oat) kernel extract temperate regions worldwide anti-inflammatory, soothing, moisturizing, may ease eczema/itchy skin, rich in vitamins safe (may trigger gluten sensitivity)
oat, black avena strigosa (oat) seed extract temperate regions worldwide rich in amino acids
safe (may trigger gluten sensitivity)
old man weed centipeda cunninghamii Australasia anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, relieves itching safe
olive olea europaea (olive) fruit oil, leaf extract Mediterranean anti-bacterial, antioxidant, stimulates cell growth, rich in vitamins protective safe
orange citrus aurantium dulcis (orange) fruit & peel extracts, peel wax tropical & sub-tropical regions worldwide emulsifier, thickener
safe (may increase sun-sensitivity)
owyhee artemesia ludoviciana (owyhee) leaf water North America anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal safe
palm elaeis guineensis (palm) oil West Africa anti-inflammatory; high in carotenoids,  antioxidant, soothing & conditioning, moisturizing safe
papaya carica papaya leaf South & Central America healing, cleansing safe
passion flower, purple passiflora incarnata (purple passion flower) fruit extract Southern US anti-inflammatory, treats burns, high in vitamins & fatty acids safe
passion fruit passiflora edulis (passion fruit) seed oil Brazil soothing, antioxidant safe
peach prunus persica (peach) fruit extract NW China moisturizing, conditioning, rich in vitamins & minerals safe
peppermint mentha piperita (peppermint) leaf oil Europe & Mideast antibacterial, antiparasitic, pain relieving, cooling, soothing safe (avoid eye area)
pine pinus sylvestris (pine) needle oil Europe & Asia treats itching, breakouts, antioxidant, balances skin tone safe
pine, maritine pinus pinaster (maritime pine) Mediterranean anti-viral, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory safe
pineapple ananas sativus (pineapple) fruit extract tropical regions worldwide vitamin C, antioxidants, exfoliant, increases moisture retention, promotes collagen production safe
plantain plantago major (plantain) leaf extract Europe & Asia anti-bacterial, treats sunburn, acne, rosacea safe
plum prunus salicina (plum) extract East Asia, Australia high in antioxidants, rich in potassium safe
pomegranate punica granatum (pomegranate) Mediterranean vitamin C, antioxidants, treats damaged skin, supports collagen production safe
pracaxi pentaclethra macroloba (pracaxi) seed oil Tropical regions worldwide
high in fatty acids, anti-inflammatory, hydrating
prickly pear opuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear) stem extract Mexico rich in vitamins, proteins, and minerals, protects & moisturizes safe
pumpkin cucurbita pepo (pumpkin) fruit Mexico & Southern US (one of the earliest domesticated crops) high in amino acids and vitamins A, B, C, E, and K. Rich in minerals, stimulates collagen production, exfoliating enzymes safe
radish leuconostoc (radish) root ferment filtrate worldwide preservative, astringent, conditioning, tonic safe
raspberry rubus idaeus (raspberry) fruit & seed extracts Europe, Asia anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, helps reduce water loss, helps repair environmental skin damage safe
rhatany krameria triandra (rhatany) root extract South America astringent, anti-inflammatory, healing safe
rice oryza sativa (rice) extract SE Asia conditioning, exfoliating safe
rock samphire crithmum maritimum (rock samphire) extract Europe & Mediterranean anti-inflammatory, rich in minerals safe
rose rosa damascena (rose) flower water, extract Middle East antioxidant, emollient, soothing, aids collagen production; rose attracts water, keeping skin hydrated safe
rosehip rosa canina (rosehip) seed oil Europe vitamin C, antioxidants, rich in essential fatty acids, hydrating, nourishing safe
rosemary rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) leaf extract Mediterranean antioxidant, balances the skin's natural oils, protects & tones; natural preservative safe
roseroot rhodiola rosea (roseroot) extract Arctic regions worldwide antioxidant; helps firm & tighten skin safe
rosewood aniba rosaeodora (rosewood) wood extract South America helps in tissue regeneration, aids in balancing sebum production safe
rye secale cereale (rye) seed extract Turkey high in minerals, antioxidant safe (may trigger gluten sensitivity)
safflower carthamus tinctorius (safflower) seed oil Middle East & Americas high in fatty acids, emollient, helps in regeneration of skin cells safe
sage salvia officinalis (sage) Mediterranean astringent, toning, antioxidant, antibacterial safe
sandalwood santalum album (sandalwood) wood oil & extract South & SE Asia antioxidant, minimizes scar tissue, tightens skin safe
sea kelp, pacific macrocystic pyrifera (pacific sea kelp) Pacific Ocean rich in minerals, antioxidant, hydrates, softens, detoxifies safe
senna cassia angustifolia (India senna) seed polysaccharide Egypt & Africa hydrating, conditioning, anti- inflammatory, promotes skin repair safe
sesame sesamum indicum (sesame) seed oil India & Africa high in vitamins (A, B complex and E) & minerals (copper, calcium, zinc and magnesium) safe
shea vitellaria paradoxa (shea) nut butter formerly known as butyrospermum parkii W African savanna encourages collagen production, rich in vitamins A, E & F, plus essential fatty acids; nourishing and protective, may have natural SPF properties safe
soybean glycine max (soybean) oil Asia & Americas anti-inflammatory, collagen stimulating, antioxidant, protects skin safe
spearmint mentha viridis (spearmint) leaf oil Europe & Asia helps relieve headaches, nausea, respiration safe
spikenard nardostachys jatamansi (spikenard) root oil Himalayas uplifting, relaxing safe
spruce, black picea mariana (black spruce) needle oil N America anti-inflammatory, aids respiration safe
sugar cane saccharum officinarum (sugar cane) extract tropical regions worldwide antiseptic, exfoliant safe
sugar maple acer saccharinum (sugar maple) Eastern N America natural alpha-hydroxy acid, helps repair damage from free radicals safe
sunflower, hybrid helianthus annuus (hybrid sunflower) Americas high in vitamin E, emolliating, hydrating, protects collagen & elastin safe
sweet almond prunus amygdalus dulcis (sweet almond) fruit oil, extract, seed meal & protein Mediterranean climates worldwide high in vitamins A & E, antioxidant, helps reduce dark circles, relieves eczema & contact dermatitis safe
sweet orange citrus aurantium dulcis (sweet orange) Mediterranean 
climates worldwide
exfoliant, stimulates cell growth, moisturizing, smooths fine lines safe
tangerine citrus reticulata (tangerine) Tropical regions worldwide rich in antioxidants, high in vitamins A & C, nourishes, controls sebum production safe
tea camellia camellia oleifera (tea camellia) E Asia antioxidant, high in minerals and nutrients, including squalane, moisturizing safe
tea tree melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) leaf oil Australia antiseptic, antibacterial, soothes skin, relieves eczema & psoriasis safe
vanilla vanilla planifolia fruit extract Mexico & Central America antioxidant, soothing safe
vetivert vetiveria zizanioides (vetivert) root oil India calming, antiseptic, fixative safe
walnut, black juglans nigra (black walnut) Eastern North American woodlands antioxidants; essential fatty acids; prevents pimples; clear up eczema & psoriasis safe
watermelon citrullus lanatus (watermelon) fruit extract Africa Antioxidant safe
wheat triticum vulgare (wheat) germ oil Vitamin E; essential fatty acid Potentially not gluten free due to cross-contamination; derived from wheat; Potentially not safe for celiacs
white tea camellia sinensis (white tea) East Asia Reduce wrinkles; reduce appearance of sun damage; replenish firmness; Antioxidant; minerals and nutrients; linoleic acid; vitamin E; calcium; potassium; saponins; squalane; moisturizes skin Safe
willow salix nigra (willow) bark extract Eastern North America Beta Hydroxy acid; exfoliant; helps unclog follicles & pores; astringent safe
witch hazel hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel) extract Eastern North America Nova Scotia to Texas skin conditioning; improves dry or damaged skin; astringent; soothes irritation safe
yarrow achillea millefolium (yarrow) Native to temperate northern hemisphere. Mildly bitter digestive. Tonic. Astringent. Stops bleeding. calms inflammation. Insect repellent; heals wounds; safe
ylang ylang cananga odorata (ylang ylang) flower oil, extract Tropics Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines Fragrance; regulates sebum; antiseptic; anti-inflammatory; safe


 Essential Oils

Essential Oils

Ingredient Official Name Origins Properties Safety
bay laurel laurus nobilis (bay laurel) Mediterranean region expectorant, diuretic, astringent May cause skin irritation. must be low dilution
bergamot citrus bergamia (bergamot) Italy calming, anti-inflammatory; Antiviral, antifungal, antibacterial, deodorant, antiseptic; uplifting; stress relieving; insect repellent May cause photosensitivity
birch betula lenta (birch) Eastern North America antiseptic, astringent; reduces soreness & fatigue in muscles; purifying ; uplifting; stimulating. safe
buckthorn, sea hippophae rhamnoides (sea buckthorn) Native to cold-temperate regions across Europe and Asia. skin-softening, healing contains the rare but powerful omega 7 fatty acid, also good for acne safe
cardamom elettaria cardamomum (cardamom total) Southern India stimulant, tonic, anti-inflammatory, good for digestion
carrot daucus carota (carrot) Temperate europe & Asia; Naturalized N. America & Australia Deep cell regeneration; anti-aging; cell protection. Aroma: grounding & soothing safe
chamomile, german matricaria recutita (blue chamomile) Europe & Asia. Introduced to Temperate regions around the world Calms & cools irritated skin; anti-inflammatory GRAS
cinnamon cinnamomum zeylanicum (cinnamon) Sri Lanka anti-bacterial, anti-fungal; soothes dry skin; decreases inflammation ie acne, rashes; increases circulation; decreases appearance of aging; nourishes skin safe
clary sage salvia sclarea (clary sage) Northern mediterranean basin Regulates sebum; astringent; reduces inflammation ie. acne Caution pregnancy: estrogenic; regulates hormones
clementine citrus clementine Hybrid Algeria Antioxidant; cleansing; anti-aging photosensitivity
clove dicypellium caryophyllatum (clove) Southeast Asia, Indonesia antioxidant, anti-inflammatory; anti-bacterial safe
cypress cupressus sempervirens (cypress) Mediterranean region Astringent; soothing safe
eucalyptus eucalyptus radiata Australia expectorant; antiviral, antimicrobial, antifungal and antiseptic safe
ginger zingiber officinale (ginger) Tropical lowland forests of southern Asia and India anti-inflammatory, digestive; antioxidants; boosts circulation safe
fir, grand abeis grandis (grand fir) Woodlands of Pacific Northwest US Woodsy - christmas tree - scent safe
frankincense AKA olibanum boswellia carterii (frankincense) Native to Arabian peninsula; Northeastern Africa Astringent; antibacterial; reduces appearance of pores; lifts tightens skin safe
ginger zingiber officinale (ginger) Tropical lowland forests of southern Asia and India anti-inflammatory, digestive; antioxidants; boosts circulation safe
grapefruit (pomelo?) citrus grandis (pink grapefruit) * pomelo South & Southeast Asia astringent, disinfectant safe
grapefruit, pink citrus paradisi (pink grapefruit) South & Southeast Asia astringent, disinfectant safe
hazelnut (filbert) corylus avellana (hazelnut) Northern hemisphere Astringent. Moisturizing; balances oils. (Not an eo) safe
immortelle AKA helichrysum helichrysum italicum (immortelle) Mediterranean region antioxidant, an antibacterial, an antifungal and an anti-inflammatory safe
jasmine jasminum grandiflorum (jasmine) Arabian peninsula, African Great Lakes region, Northeast Africa, China, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and tonic agents; treats dry skin; Aphrodisiac safe
lavender lavandula angustifolia (lavender) Mediterranean, Croatia, Spain, France, Italy restorative, tonic, relaxant, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory safe
lemon citrus limon (lemon) Mediterranean Cleansing; disinfectant. Aroma - stimulating, refreshing safe
lemongrass cymbopogon flexuosus (lemongrass) India, Sri Lanka, Burma Thailand anti-inflammatory, sedative safe
lime citrus aurantifolia (lime) Florida, Mexico, West Indies; Iran Cleansing; Aroma - Stimulating, refreshing safe
litsea litsea cubeba China Treats oily skin & clogged pores safe
marigold calendula officinalis (calendula) total Temperate regions everywhere reduces inflammation; promotes healing; antiseptic; antimicrobial safe
mimosa acacia decurrens (mimosa) Australia Refreshes dull skin; emollient; anti-inflammatory. Aroma: calming, harmonizing and relaxing; uplifting and peaceful safe
myrrh commiphora abyssinica (myrrh) Africa & Arabian peninsula Antioxidant; antibacterial; antifungal; fragrance; soothes dry patches. Aroma: relaxing safe
neroli citrus aurantium var. amara (neroli) Southern Vietnam, southeast Asia Stimulates cell growth; benefits all skin types esp dry safe
niaouli melaleuca quinquenervia veridiflora (niaouli) Australia antiseptic. Aroma: Stimulating safe
nutmeg myristica fragrans (nutmeg) Indonesia mood lifter, analgesic; digestion safe
oak moss evernia prunastri (oak moss) temperate forests of Northern Hemisphere Fragrance only - Woody, dry, earthy, Avoid: pregnant women & epileptics; skin sensitization.
orange/blood orange citrus sinensis (orange) Southeast Asia, tropics & sub-tropics Digestion; reduces nausea; soothes skin; Aroma: calming effects; antidepressant safe
palmarosa cymbopogon martini (palmarosa) India, Southeast Asia Treats dry skin; Nourishes & restores skin health safe
patchouli pogostemon cablin (patchouli) Asia Musky & earthy safe
pepper, black piper nigrum (black pepper) India stimulant safe
peppermint mentha piperita (willamette peppermint) Oregon stimulant, cooling, anti-nausea safe
ravensara ravensara aromatica Madagascar analgesic, anti-allergenic, antibacterial, antimicrobial, antidepressant, antifungal, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, aphrodisiac, disinfectant, diuretic, expectorant, relaxant safe
rose * rosa damascena (rose) Central Asia. Traditionally Middle East humectant, antidepressant; anti-inflammatory; astringent; emollient; safe
rose geranium pelargonium graveolens (rose geranium) South Africa anti-bacterial, relaxant; anti-anxiety; mood lifter; decrease fatigue; reduces pain & inflammation safe
rosemary rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) 1,8 cineol Mediterranean & Asia stimulant, cooling, uplifting; stimulates hair growth; improving memory; safe
sagebrush, owyhee artemisia ludoviciana (owyhee sagebrush) Owyhee region (Oregon, Nevada, Idaho) cleansing, muscle aches; stress relief; headache relief; reduces inflammation safe
sandalwood santalum spicatum (Austrailian sandalwood) Australia sedative, decongestant, antiseptic; mental clarity; calming; anti-inflammatory safe
sarsparilla smilax aspera (Indian sarsparilla) Tropical & temperate regions Anti-inflammatory; anti-depressant; astringent; analgesic safe
spearmint mentha spicata (spearmint) Europe & Asia. Now temperate regions around the world anti-inflammatory, calming; antiseptic; antimicrobial; promotes focus; lifts mood safe
tamanu calophyllum inophyllum (tamanu) South Pacific reduces scars; eczema; acne; dermatitis; anti-aging safe
tea tree melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) Australia antiseptic, stimulant; antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and antifungal safe
thyme thymus vulgaris (thyme linalol) Mountains of Spain & Southern Europe antiseptic, pain relief, antioxidant; antibacterial; antimicrobial; boosts nervous system safe
tuberose polyanthes tuberosa (tuberose) Central America & Mexico Relaxing; anti-depressant; safe
vanilla vanilla planifolia (vanilla total) Tropical regions antioxidant; aphrodisiac; antidepressant, sedative; relaxing safe
verveine, lemon verbena lippia citriodora (verveine) western South America calms; digestion; eases anxiety safe
vetiver vetiveria zizaniodes (vetiver) India relaxant; stimulant; muscle pain relief safe
ylang ylang cananga odorata, genuina (ylang ylang) complete Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines balancing; reduces stress & anxiety; sedative; aphrodisiac safe


Other Natural Products

Other Natural Ingredients

Official Name Origins Properties Safety
alanine amino acid anti-static; skin-smoother safe
alcloxa - - -
allantoin orig "udder cream" - now plant-derived smoothing, moisturizing; promotes cell growth GRAS
almond meal ground almond nuts scrub GRAS
amorphus silica silica (sand) sparkling agent only a risk when inhaled
arginine naturally occurring amino acid healing of wounds, lowers blood pressure essential nutrient
ascorbyl (vitamin C) palmitate Vitamin C antioxidant, prevents signs of aging; helps synthesize collagen essential nutrient
astrocaryum murumuru butter Brazil essential fatty acids and Pro-Vitamin A; dry skin; eczema; psoriasis safe
autolyzed yeast breaks down naturally to amino acids; fungus Moisturizing; antioxidant; softening; conditioning safe
avena sativa (oat) beta glucan oat bran emollient, thickener; soothing, anti inflammatory and collagen synthesis GRAS
beeswax purified beeswax emollient, emulsifier GRAS
butter extract
calcium naturally occuring mineral lipid barrier function; cell turnover; regulates sebum & stimulates antioxidant production safe
caprylyl/capryl wheat bran/straw glycosides wheat bran Surfactant; Cleaning agent; Emulsifier; Emulsion Stabilizer; Foam Booster ? = wheat / gluten sensitivities
cetearyl wheat straw glycoside wheat Surfactant; emulsifying safe
cholecalciferol (vitamin D) naturally synthesized by the skin defends against bacterial infection essential nutrient
citric acid weak organic acid mild acne, pigmentation, clogged pores, sun tanning, wrinkles, and dark spots Well-diluted no risks
cocoa butter Cocoa - tropical Antioxidant; deep moisturizer; heals sensitive skin safe
coconut alcohol Coconut Emollient; emulsion stabilizer; safe
coconut milk Coconut Vitamin C; elasticity and flexibility; high copper; moisturizing; exfoliation safe
corn flour corn Thickener; absorbs oil safe
Dead Sea salts naturally occuring mineral. Dead Sea exfoliant; purifies pores; enhances skin hydration; safe
emulsifying wax & emulsifying wax NF wax treated with detergent typically sodium dodecyl sulfate or polysorbates Improves product texture safe
enzyme protein
ethanol grain alcohol lightens formula; increases skin penetration; preservative; astringent safe. may dry or irritate skin
fusel wheat bran/straw glycosides reaction of Cetearyl Alcohol with the sugars surfactant; emulsifying ? = wheat / gluten sensitivities
glucose Simple sugar humectant; safe
glycerin naturally occurring - both animal & vegetable lipids humectant, smoothener generally safe at low to moderate levels
glycine max (soybean) protein, sterols, amino acids soybeans brighten skin; decrease redness; boost collagen production & improves skin tone safe
goat's milk goats lactic acid- exfoliant; vitamin A safe
gossypium herbaceum (cotton) seed extract Cotton seed Skin conditioner; Safe
hydrogenated castor oil castor bean Mediterranean Basin, Eastern Africa, & India calms & smoothes; antimicrobial; anti-inflammatory; safe
hydrogenated vegetable oil vegetable oil Thickener; long shelf life; safe
hydrolyzed candida saitoana extract fungi obtained from a fermentation process skin detoxing; anti-aging; purifying safe
hydrolyzed fucus vesiculosus protein wheat, rice, whey antioxidants; amino acids; vitamins; minerals safe
hydrolyzed linseed extract flax enhances the skin's natural barrier function safe
hydrolyzed lupine, oat, rice, soy, sweet almond, wheat proteins lupine, oat, rice, soy, wheat, sweet almond antioxidants; amino acids; vitamins; minerals ? = wheat / gluten sensitivities
hydrolyzed quinoa extract Quinoa Hair shaft protection safe
hydrolyzed wheat starch wheat skin= minimizes pores; hair= strengthening ? = wheat / gluten sensitivities. can trigger IgE-mediated allergies
hydroxypropyltrimonium honey Humectant; antioxidant; scalp revitalizer; rebalancers Safe
inulin chicory root humectant; safe
juglans regia (walnut) shell walnut exfoliant safe
kaolin clay balances oil; purifies pores; cleanses; soothes sensitive skin; exfoliant safe
konjac root powder (amorphophallus) Asia humectant; safe
lecithin (hydrogenated) Soybean Emulsifier; moisturizer; stabilize skin barrier safe
magnesium naturally occuring mineral Humectant; may calm irritation; reduces oiliness; safe
magnesium sulfate Inorganic salt Ionic strength; anti-inflammatory GRAS but- cases reported of reproductive toxicity from high concentrations
maltodextrin white powder made from corn, rice, potato starch, or wheat Binding agent; absorbent; may soften skin; may improve anti-aging properties of other ingredients GRAS
Maris sal (sea salt) Dead Sea salt Reduces appearance of wrinkles; promotes healing of tissues & allergic reactions; detoxifies pores; exfoliant; safe
menthol Alcohol found in mint oil Cooling sensation; reduces redness; increase circulation safe. May irritate sensitive skin
microcrystalline wax De-oiling petroleum viscosity agent; binder; emollient Safe - petroleum by-product doesn't allow skin to breathe
montmorillonite clay Montmorillonite crystal - Wyoming, France Oil absorption; exfoliant; re-mineralizes skin; detoxification Safe
gardenia tahitensis (monoi) flower extract Tahiti Moisturizing; anti-inflammation; safe
oat beta glucan Sugar derived from oat bran helps heal wounds, helps immune system; stimulates collagen synthesis; reduces redness; improves moisture levels; penetrates deeply Safe
oat flour oats Soothes irritated skin; anti-inflammatory; anti-itch; minimizes scarring Safe
oatmeal (colloidal) oats powder soothes; anti-inflammatory; barrier repair; moisturizing safe
olea europaea (olive) leaf Olive tree Antioxidant; antibacterial; antiseptic; stimulates cell growth Safe
panthenol (pro-vitamin B5) Vitamin B5 derivative may prevent hair loss, skin irritation; may increase cell production; lubricant; moisturizer; emollient essential nutrient; safe
propolis cera tree resin gathered by bees moisturizer, anti-bacterial; anti-septic; anti-inflammatory; antioxidant; removes pore clogging bacteria GRAS
retinyl (vitamin A) palmitate Retinol = Vitamin A pure form of the vitamin found in green and yellow vegetables, egg yolks, whole milk, beef, chicken, and fish-liver oil. Retinyl palmitate is a combination of retinol and palmitic acid. The skin must first convert it to retinol, then to retinoic acid maintains skin health, reduces inflammation; increase cell turnover and exfoliation; stimulates collagen production; reduces pore size retinoic acid enhanced the photo carcinogenic activity of UVB rays in the mice. Retinol & Vitamin A increases sun sensitivity. https://www.annmariegianni.com/ingredient-watch-list-should-you-avoid-retinyl-palmitate-in-your-sunscreens/
rice amino acids Rice protein Skin conditioning; hair conditioning; tightens skin & pores; stimulates collagen production Safe
saccharomyces lysate extract Yeast - fungi that ferment sugars, and a source of beta-glucan very little scientific information. Theoretically - May be antioxidant; may be good at wound healing; may protect & repair tissue; may decrease inflammation Safe
sericin silkworms - silk protein Water binding; antioxidant safe
shea butteramidopropyl betaine Shea nut Surfactant; cleansing; foam boosting safe
sodium bicarbonate Synthetic inorganic salt - baking soda pH adjuster, buffering agent, and abrasive Safe as ph adjuster & buffing; too abrasive for use as exfoliant
sodium castorate (castor) oil Castor bean plant Humectant; fatty acids; lubricating safe
sodium chloride Table salt increases viscosity; abrasive in exfoliant products; Safe but can be drying
sodium cocoyl apple amino acid coconut acid chloride combined with amino acids from apples. Skin conditioner; surfactant safe
sodium lauroyl oat amino acid sodium salt condensation product of lauric acid chloride with the amino acids derived from Avena Sativa (Oat) Protein Anti-static; support surfactant ingredients Safe
sodium PCA amino acids hygroscopic GRAS, naturally occurring in human skin
sucrose (organic) Sugar exfoliator; restores oil balance; attract & retain water; protects from pollutants & toxins safe
sucrose cocoate Coconut fatty acids with sugar beet sugar Surfactant; emollient safe
talc natural magnesium silicate mineral Absorbent GRAS (some concerns arise only if it's inhaled)
tapioca starch Cassava root consistency of product safe
tocopherol (vitamin E) acetate ester of Acetic Acid and Tocopherol healing, may provide natural protection from UV rays, antioxidant essential nutrient
vegetable collagen ? not sure of source Increases elasticity; Safe
vegetable oil ? not sure of source Depending on oil may be - antibacterial; anti-inflammatory; antioxidant; balancing; hydrating safe
wheat amino acids wheat protein after it has been broken down via hydrolysis Hair care- conditioning agent; humectant; flexibility. skin care - hydrating Safe for celiacs
xanthan gum fermented sugars, using Xanthomonas campestris bacterium thickener - stabilizes oils in solution; may also be used in baking as a sub for gluten (also used as a laxative for its binding properties) GRAS - allergies may occur based on growing medium (wheat, soy)
xylitol Sugar alcohol various berries, corn husks, oats, and mushrooms humectant, conditioner; improves barrier function GRAS
yeast extract Fungi that ferment sugars Lacking scientific research. Thought to reduce oxidative stress; conditioning; softening Safe


Chemical Ingredients

Chemical Ingredients

Official Name Origins Properties Safety
ammonium chloride prepared commercially by reacting ammonia with hydrogen chloride ph balancing Controversial: https://brickellmensproducts.com/blogs/grooming-manual/why-you-should-stop-using-skincare-products-that-contain-ammonia
natural mineral, found in volcanoes thickening agent
anhydroxylitol fermentation of wheat and wood Humectant; helps skin retain moisture Wheat sensitivities?
arachidyl alcohol peanut oil waxy substance used to thicken & as emollient. Fatty alcohol Peanut sensitivities?
aspartic acid Can be animal or plant source (molasses); sometimes synthetic Amino acid - water binding. antioxidant? Can be animal or plant source (molasses)
arachidyl glucoside condensation of arachidyl alcohol and glucose surfactants - cleansing agents. emulsifying agent
babassuamide MEA derived from Babassu foam boosting, surfactant, hair conditioning, viscosity control. Safe
babassuamidopropyl betaine derived from Babassu & Betaine Anti-static safe
behentrimonium methosulfate rapeseed oil emulsifying agent; detangling and conditioning for hair unassessed
behenyl alcohol Corn, or synthetic thickening agent and emulsifier safe. can cause skin irritation
benzyl alcohol Fruits & teas (apricots, cranberries); but most companies use synthetic version in the laboratory by mixing benzyl chloride with sodium hydroxide Preservative synthetic version version unsafe and a skin irritant; plant derived version safe
betaine Process of making sugar from sugar beets Humectant, and anti-irritant; safe
C10-30 cholesterol/lanosterol esters lanolin skin soothing not vegan
C12-15 alkyl benzoate synthetic or ester of benzoic acid which is in cranberries or coconut oil emollient & texture enhancing; thickening safe
C13-14 isoparaffin Petroleum - https://www.truthinaging.com/ingredients/c13-14-isoparaffin emollient & thickening
sodium C14-16 olephine sulfonate from coconut oil detergent can be drying
capryl hydroxamic acid coconut oil Neutral ph; preservative, anti-fungal limited data. expected to be non-irritant
caprylic/capric triglyceride coconut oil moisturizer, softener; resistant to rancidity GRAS
capryloyl glycine acyl glycine conditioning agent; surfactant; prevents water loss on skin surface safe
caprylyl glycol Milk of some mammals; palm or coconut oil Humectant, and skin conditioning; moisturizes and emollient; preservative and stabilizer safe
caprylyl/capryl glucoside coconut, corn or fruit sugars Surfactant;
ceteareth 20 (emulsifying wax) cetyl and stearyl alcohol (natural fatty acids from coconut oil), and ethylene oxide emollient and emulsifier There is debate about safety. https://www.truthinaging.com/ingredients/ceteareth-20
cetearyl alcohol from natural fats & oils stabilizer, emollient
cetearyl glucoside coconut or corn oil emulsifier; improves texture of skin, hair etc. retains moisture safe
cetearyl olivate olive oil emulsifier; improves texture of skin, hair etc. gives product velvety feel safe
cetrimonium chloride quaternary ammonium salt Prevents static in hair care safe but may cause dermal irritation
cetyl alcohol palm oil, coconut oil (orig from whales) emollient, emulsifier, thickener GRAS
cetyl esters wax palm oil, coconut oil (orig from whales) emollient, emulsifier, thickener safe
cetyl palmitate (orig from whales) now synthetic or derived from plants Surfactant; emulsifier, thickener safe
chitosan succinamide treating the chitin shells of crustaceans with alkaline substance, like sodium hydroxide skin restoring and soothing safe
chlorophyllin copper complex From plant chlorophyll by replacing the methyl and phytyl ester groups with alkali and replacing the magnesium with copper - semi synthetic deodorant; colorant Organ system toxicity
coco-caprylate/caprate coconut oil skin-conditioning; high hydration; slip safe
cocoglucoside coconut oil & fruit sugar surfactant; foaming agent; emulsifier; enhances other ingredients cleansing and moisturizing effects safe
cocamide DIPA ? coconut oil cleansing & foaming safe
cocamide MEA coconut oil - isopropanol amides of coconut acid surfactant; keeps ingredients blended; foaming safe - up to 10%
cocamidopropyl betainamide mea chloride coconut oil surfactant; foaming agent very slight chance of irritation, most risks are in impurities
cocamidopropyl betaine coconut oil surfactant, may be antiseptic; produces lather very slight chance of irritation, most risks are in impurities
cocoglucoside coconut oil & fruit sugar surfactant; emulsifier; foaming agent; conditioner safe
copper gluconate Copper antioxidant safe
copper PCA synthetic copper salt of PCA (Pyrrolidone Carboxylic Acid). anti-aging; antioxidant safe
cyclomethicone silicon-based polymer, lubricant inert, GRAS
cyclopentasiloxane silicon conditioner; lubricant; delivery agent; solvent; gives slippery / silky feel Possible environmental hazard; chance of skin irritation.
decyl glucoside glucose, corn starch, coconut mild surfactant, biodegradable, gentle GRAS
dehydroacetic acid cyclic ketone anti-fungal; anti-bacterial; preservative safe
di (lauryldimethylammoniumhydroxypropyl) lauryl polyglucoside long chain sugars mild surfactant, non-drying unassessed
dicetyldimonium chloride quaternary ammonium salt anti-static and prevents build-up in hair; surfactant; antimicrobial EU tests found safe; may irritate in larger quantities
diglycerin larger molecule than glycerin but glycerin humectant; skin replenishing; skin restoring safe
dimethicone silicon-based organic polymer, imparts sheen GRAS
dipalmitoyl hydroxyproline plant derived collagen amino acids anti-aging; firming safe
dipotassium glycyrrihizinate salt derived from licorice plant: licorice root extract Anti-inflammatory; skin conditioning; anti-irritant; skin soothing; conditioning. gras
disodium cocoamphodiacetate synthetic surfactant safe, may irritate eyes
disodium cocoyl glutamate coconut oil surfactant unassessed
disodium EDTA salt of edetic acid chelating agent/stabilizes in contact with air. preservative which maintains clarity; protect fragrance prevents rancidity Questionable. Weakly mutagenic. aids absorption by disrupting surface skin cells. https://www.ynatural.com.au/ingredients-to-avoid/ingredient-avoid-disodium-edta/
disodium laureth sulfosuccinate disodium salt of ethoxylated lauryl alcohol bound to sulfosuccinic acid Degreasing; foaming agent; safe
disodium-2 sulfolaurate coconut oil Foaming; surfactant unassessed
DMDM hydantoin (it releases formaldehyde) Preservative; antimicrobial possible irritant
ethylhexylglycerin derived from Glycerin Surfactant; preservative enhancer; deodorant EU classifies as irritant; evidence of eye toxicity
ferulic acid bran Antioxidant; enhances stability of applied vitamins C & E safe
fragrance various scent may be an allergen
galactoarabinin polysaccharide extracted from larch trees Reduces particle size so increases dispersal of ingredients safe
gluconolactone honey, fruit juices naturally occuring preservative
glyceryl caprylate Various vegetable oils Stabilizes oil in water emulsions; restores oils to skin; humidifies skin safe
glyceryl laurate Vegetable derived glycerin & lauric acid Deodorizer; skin conditioning. Irritation concerns - skin, eyes, lungs
glyceryl oleate Naturally occurring oils & fats Reduces surface tension in ingredients being emulsified GRAS
glyceryl polyacrylate ester of Glycerin and Polyacrylic Acid emollient, emulsifier; surfactant. Strong hydrating,& water absorption capacity Safe
glyceryl stearate vegetable. compound of Glycerol and Stearic Acid. Stearic Acid can be sourced from plant or animal. emulsifier; emollient; surfactant; reduces feeling of greasiness Safe
glycoproteins Sugar linked to protein; peptide Skin restoring & hydration Safe
glycol distearate Soybean or canola oil opacifier; emollient; foaming agent; skin conditioning Considered safe but care should be taken to avoid use on broken skin. Synthetic: made from ethylene glycol, which is used to make antifreeze, deicing solutions for cars and planes, hydraulic brake fluids, lacquers, resins, wood stains, synthetic waxes
glycol stearate reacting stearic acid and ethylene glycol Emollient; foaming agent; opacifier; surfactant; emulsifier safe - may weakly irritate eye area
guar hydroxypropyltrimonium chloride synthetic quaternary ammonium derivative of guar (aka cluster beans) Conditioning agent skin & hair; anti-static; deposits active ingredients Some allergic or sensitive
histidine Amino acid Boosts collagen; skin & hair conditioning; antioxidant; may boost UV protection safe
hydrogenated starch hydrolysate carbohydrate syrup (Maltooligosyl glucoside) and corn starch (hydrogenated starch hydrolysate) Humectant; calms irritation safe
hydrolyzed glycosaminoglycans mixture of polysaccharides derived from the hydrolysis of animal connective tissue. May also be plant derived increases elasticity & pliability Safe
hydroxyethylcellulose cellulose thickener GRAS
hydroxyproline Amino acid Reduces degradation of collagen & elastin safe
hydroxypropyl guar a propylene glycol ether of Guar Gum Hair conditioning; Thickening safe
inositol hexaphosphate antioxidant. Found internal usage studies
isoleucine Amino acid Antioxidant; skin replenishing safe
isopropyl myristate synthetic- Isopropyl Alcohol (a propane derivative) and Myristic Acid (a naturally-occurring fatty acid) Emollient; thickening; lubricant Studies show Eye, lung, & skin irritation
isopropyl palmitate Coconut or palm oil lubricant; thickening known to cause acne, blackheads, whiteheads and clogged pores if overused
lauramide MEA Lauric acid increase foaming; thicken aqueous portion of ingredients safe
laureth-7 Synthetic - extensive chemical modification to lauric acid surfactant; emulsifier safe
lauryl glucoside lauryl alcohol, an essential fatty acid derived from coconut combined with glucose Cleanser safe
linoleamidopropyl phosphatidyl PG-dimonium chloride quaternary ammonium salt anti-static; emollient; emulsifier; antimicrobial; moisturizer safe
magnesium aluminum silicate Mineral derived from purified clay Thickener; Filler safe
magnesium aspartate magnesium salt of Aspartic Acid Aids in delivery of minerals to sin cells safe
magnesium hydroxide naturally occurring inorganic compound GRAS
maltooligosyl glucoside
methyl gluceth-20 glucose & methyl alcohol humectant, thickener unassessed
methylsilanol mannuronate seaweed antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, combats deterioration of collagen unassessed
oleth-20 unsaturated vegetable oils stabilizer generally safe at low to moderate levels
opacificier ** Not sure what the actual ingredient is. Opacifier is a general category **
p-anisic acid anise antiseptic, preservative no known toxicity
PCA ??
PCA glyceryl oleate Based on amino acids Hair softener & conditioner; skincare - refatting agent safe
PEG-40 castor oil polyethylene glycol derivatives of hydrogenated castor oil emulsifier and fragrance ingredient safe
PEG-100 stearate combination of natural oils (oftentimes palm or coconut) with Stearic Acid emulsifier; emollient safe
PEG-150 distearate stearic acid (naturally occuring) thickener GRAS exc. for damaged skin
PEG-150 pentaerythrityl tetrastearate stearic acid (naturally occuring) thickener GRAS exc. for damaged skin
PEG-75 lanolin lanolin protectant, emulsifier GRAS exc. for damaged skin
phenoxyethanol organic compound bacteriacide no known toxicity
phenylalanine amino acid - milk, eggs, cheese, meat, fish hair conditioning; skin conditioning safe
phospholipids Lipids skin barrier function; hydration; softening; emollient safe
polyacrylamide formed from units of acrylamide Binder; film former; thickener Safe but may secrete acrylamide, a known neurotoxin
polyglyceryl-5 oleate ester of oleic acid and a glycerin polymer. May be animal or petroleum source Emollient; surfactant; emulsifier safe
polyquaternium-4 copolymer of hydroxyethylcellulose and diallyl dimethyl ammonium chloride Anti-static; combability; gloss; hold unassessed
polyquaternium-7 Synthetic polymer based on quaternary ammonium compounds Anti-static; gloss; hold Considered safe
polyquaternium-10 aka Quaternium-19 Synthetic Anti-static; gloss; moisturizing Safe
polysorbate 20 sorbitol (from glucose) emulsifier GRAS
polysorbate 60 sorbitol (from glucose) emulsifier GRAS
potassium hydroxide an integral part of the (liquid) soap-making process highly caustic in its raw state, but rendered safe in the saponification process
potassium myristate myristate fatty acid found in animal & vegetable fats emulsifier; detergent cleansing agent safe
potassium sodium copper chlorophyllin semi-synthetic sodium/copper derivative of chlorophyll Colorant; deodorant agent safe
potassium sorbate sorbic acid (from berries) preservative GRAS
PPG-2 hydroxyethyl coco/isostearamide coconut oil thickener GRAS
proline amino acid Strengthens & renews aging cells; conditioning agent safe
propylene glycol coconut oil moisturizer GRAS
quaternium-15 Formaldehyde-releasing; quaternary ammonium salt Kills microorganisms; anti-static; preservative possible irritant; known skin toxicant and allergen
salicylic acid phenolic acid, and a beta hydroxy acid; metabolism of salicin originally willow bark Reduces oil; loosens blackheads; treats pimples safe
sarcosine amino acid found in muscles Reduces sebum production safe
sclerotium gum plant derived gel, polysaccharide thickener; stabilizer safe
serine amino acid from silk skin conditioning agent, anti-static agent, and hair conditioning agent Safe
sodium acrylate/C10-30 alkyl acrylate crosspolymer synthetic copolymer binds w/ water & oil; stabilizer; viscosity Safe in low levels
sodium anisate plant acid Soothes inflamed & irritated skin; maintains skin acid balance safe
sodium benzoate benzoin tree gum preservative may react with Vitamin C or with artificial colors
sodium carbomer acrylic acid thickening, dispersing, suspending, emulsifying no health concerns
sodium citrate salt of citric acid controls ph of product safe
sodium cocoamphoacetate coconut Surfactant safe
sodium cocoyl glutamate Coconut oil & fermented sugar cleansing agent; removes minerals from hard water - softens water safe
sodium cocoyl isethionate coconut fatty acid ester of isethionic acid Surfactant safe
sodium cocoyl alkyl esters Coconut ?? ??
sodium hyaluronate sodium salt of hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid is found naturally in the fluid that bathes joints Treats dry or damaged skin; thickens aqueous portion of ingredients safe
sodium hydroxide Lye an integral part of the soap-making process; alkaline; holds ph of product highly caustic in its raw state, but rendered safe in the saponification process
sodium hydroxymethylglycinate glycine (amino acid) preservative unassessed (may irritate at high concentrations)
sodium hypochlorite bleach at high concentrations, used as disinfectant safe at low concentrations
sodium lactate sodium salt of lactic acid- fermentation of sugar source, corn or beets Improves moisture retention Safe
sodium laureth sulfate Non-volatile alcohols surfactant; skin-conditioning agent; emulsifier, and solvent May irritate skin
sodium lauroamphoacetate Coconut Mild surfactant; lathering agent Safe
sodium lauroyl glutamate Coconut or Palm oil - glutamic acid (an amino acid), lauric acid (a fatty acid Surfactant; may enhance penetration Safe.
sodium lauroyl lactylate salt derived from the lauric acid ester of lactyl lactate (or milk and coconut oil) Emulsifier; surfactant Safe
sodium lauroyl methyl isethionate Coconut Mild surfactant; Safe
sodium lauroyl oat amino acids Oat protein Hair & skin conditioning; anti-static; co-surfactant; skin penetrator safe
sodium lauroyl sarcosinate salt of lauroyl sarcosine (breakdown of creatine or caffeine) modified fatty acid Foaming agent; surfactant; hair conditioner Safe
sodium laurylglucosides hydroxypropylsulfonate Glucosides from coconut & corn Foaming agent; surfactant Safe
sodium levulinate sodium salt of levulinic acid Preservative; conditioning agent Safe but - derived from levulinic acid - an irritant, even at low doses
sodium methyl cocoyl taurate sodium salt of the coconut fatty acid amide of N-methyltaurine Surfactant; foaming agent Little data
sodium methyl e-sulfolautate ?? ?? ??
sodium myristate Coconut oil Surfactant Safe
sodium o-phenylphenate ?? ?? carcinogen in mice studies
sodium phytate salt form corn-derived plant component phytic acid Fine bubble formation Safe
sodium sesquicarbonate Mineral Controls acid base of product; detergent Safe
sodium stearate sodium salt of stearic acid Stabiliser; thickener safe
sodium xylene sulfonate sodium salt of ring sulfonated mixed xylene isomers. surfactant GRAS
sorbic acid Mountain Ash tree berries Preservative; antimicrobial Evidence human skin toxicant
sorbitan oleate derived from sorbitol emulsifier Safe but-considered a mild skin irritant
sorbitan olivate / Cetearyl olivate Ester of the fatty acids from olive oil with sorbitol Reduces skin water loss; Highly moisturizing; softens skin & hair; smooth feel to product Safe
sorbitol glucose humectant, thickener GRAS
squalane olive oil similar to human sebum component GRAS
stearalkonium chloride derived from stearic acid, a fatty acid found in plants and animals Hair care - Anti-static; surfactant; antimicrobial Safe
stearamidopropyl pg-dimonium chloride phosphate ?? anti-static unassessed
stearyl alcohol fatty alcohol derived from stearic acid, coconut oil or vegetable fatty acids Conditioning agent; emulsifier; thickener Safe- strong evidence that it is a human irritant by the CIR
stearyl glycyrrhetinate Licorice - fatty acid form of glycyrrhetinic acid ?? Little info found Anti-inflammatory; skin brightening Safe (?? little info available.)
sulfate Partially based on sulfur, which is derived from petrolatum Surfactant Safe
superoxide dismutase Enzyme found in Grains & green vegetables Antioxidant; anti-aging; Safe
tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate oil-soluble form of Vitamin C Increases collagen levels; reduces melanin production, brightens skin; repair environmental damage Considered non-irritant, but Vit C can irritate sensitive skin
tetrahydrocurcuminoids Derived from turmeric Antioxidant; skin whitening; reduces appearance of dark spots; evens out skin tone Safe
tetrasodium EDTA made from formaldehyde and sodium cyanide Water softener; preservative; chelating agent; penetration enhancer Considered safe. Found by EU to be an ecotoxin
tetrasodium glutamate diacetate vegetable-based chelating agent Rinsing agent; Chelating Safe- may irritate
threonine Amino acid Hair strengthener; anti-static; fragrance; skin & hair conditioning Safe
titanium dioxide Inert earth mineral Thickening; colorant; whitening; lubricating; sunscreen ingredient Considered safe but - Photosensitizer that can be absorbed by the skin which causes free radical damage
trehalose sugar found in plants, fungi and invertebrate animals Moisturizer; flavor agent Safe
undecylenoyl glycine lipoamino acid derived from coconut Anti-microbial; surfactant; hair conditioning; cleansing Safe
valine Amino acid Anti-aging; skin firming; safe
xylitol sesquicaprylate Wood sugar alcohol Flavor; skin conditioning; humectant Safe
xylitylglucoside anhydroxylitol xylitol xylitol (naturally occurring) increases skin's moisture content unassessed
zinc acetyl methionate zinc salt of N-acetylmethionine Skin conditioning Safe
zinc gluconate zinc salt of gluconic acid Antiviral; deodorant; acne treatment Moderate concern - developmental and reproductive toxicity, allergic reactions, and organ system toxicity
zinc oxide UVA & UVB protection; healing wounds; skin oiliness; acne safe


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